Lifecycle of research consists of planning, doing, publishing and reuse.

The articles on this website provide information on the processes behind research-based knowledge: the production, publication, and evaluation of research on the basis of reliable and responsible practices accepted in the research community. In order for science and research to benefit society, every stage of the research process must be carried out in a responsible manner.

Recent articles


Researched knowledge is impactful, promotes public understanding of science, lays the foundation for new innovations and supports decision-making – provided that it is disseminated and utilised in multiple languages.


In academic publishing, it is common to assume there is a clear division of labour between researchers and language professionals. However, making a clear distinction between content and language quality is far from straightforward.


Publishing gives researchers academic merit, but authorship brings also responsibility for the content of the publication.


Metropolia University of Applied Sciences has developed a facilitated publication workshop model to make research and development work easier for authors.

The traditional arenas for science communication are media publicity and non-fiction writing, with the latest addition of social media channels. Researchers’ science communication plans rarely include one major form of online publicity: Wikipedia.

Dealing with inappropriate feedback is not the individual’s responsibility: it involves the entire working community.


If a researcher wants their findings to have an impact, they have to consider their audience’s opinions, world-view, and the challenges they face. These things might not become clear by simply reporting, but rather by engaging in dialogue.


Ethical review is part of comprehensive and proactive research integrity, the aim of which is to anticipate ethical problems and risks.


Science education helps to boost children’s and adults’ science know-how. It means being familiar with science, research and their importance to society.


What things should be considered when thinking about publishing research data?


The European Accessibility Act brings e.g. e-books and the devices and software used to read them within the remit of accessibility regulation.


Metadata is condensed information about data, quick to browse and utilise.