Lifecycle of research consists of planning, doing, publishing and reuse.

The articles on this website provide information on the processes behind research-based knowledge: the production, publication, and evaluation of research on the basis of reliable and responsible practices accepted in the research community. In order for science and research to benefit society, every stage of the research process must be carried out in a responsible manner.

Recent articles


The best way of identifying a research subject is by their name, but their identity can also be revealed by other information.


The Science Forum is vital for bringing together scientists and the general public and as an opportunity to ask questions.


The purpose of a data management plan is to guarantee the quality and validity of research data and its effective further use.


ORCID provides each researcher with their own unique ID code, which helps to clearly determine the researcher’s authorship.


Science also has an impact in supporting decision-making at national level, knowledge-based leadership and developing operating practices.


The Finnish Copyright Act (404/1961) (with amendments) emphasises protection of the form of a work, not its content or idea as such.