Lifecycle of research consists of planning, doing, publishing and reuse.

The articles on this website provide information on the processes behind research-based knowledge: the production, publication, and evaluation of research on the basis of reliable and responsible practices accepted in the research community. In order for science and research to benefit society, every stage of the research process must be carried out in a responsible manner.

Recent articles


A researcher must cite their own earlier work just as conscientiously and honestly as they cite the work of other researchers.


The purpose of open peer review is to improve scientific communication and publishing practices.


Commonness of article-based dissertations means that universities need more competence related to publishing practices and copyright.


Publication Forum (JUFO) is a classification system to support the quality assessment of research output. 


The importance of ethical matters is constantly increasing in EU programmes funding research and innovation.


Allegations of research misconduct are investigated in the research organisation.


This ten-point list provides researchers with useful information on data protection.


Finland has many laws and regulations that may affect research conduct.


The Finnish National Board on Research Integrity TENK recommends agreeing on the principles of authorship in good time to prevent disputes.


What will the researcher’s role be if one day machines perform most of the current research tasks?


Photographic works previously on public display raised an ethical dilemma between the clashing demands of copyright and privacy protection.


Ethical considerations should cover the entire research process from choice of topic and material to the privacy of research subjects and the reporting method.